Parts of Speech

When we speak, our speech consists of many words; these are called Parts of Speech.
There are 8 basic parts of speech i.e.

Let us explain these parts in simple way and see how they are collected together to form a sentence.

Noun means any name. (Person, Place or Thing)
Examples: Boy: Person , Karachi: Place , Pencil: Thing
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Pronoun is used in place of a name. (To avoid from repetition)
Ali is a boy. He is very intelligent.
He, she, it, I, we, they, you are pronouns.
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Verb is any action. (May be in Present, Past or Future)
No sentence is complete without a verb.
Verb itself is a sentence.
Come, go, sit, work, enjoy, get, set etc.
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Adjective is any quality of a noun. (May be Positive or Negative)
It adds to the meaning of a noun.
He is smart guy.Tall, short, genius, careless, punctual, regular, big, small etc are Adjectives.
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Pre means “before” and position means “state”.
Preposition shows the position of words coming before it (May be noun, pronoun, phrase, verb etc)
These are joining words. (Join different parts of a sentence)
The glass is on the table.
In, on, under, behind, beside, at, for, of, with, to etc are Prepositions.
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Adverb adds to the meaning of a verb, adjective or another adverb.
(Without adverb, a sentence is complete but adding it, the meaning is enhanced.)
We run fast.
Quickly, slowly, sharply, early, heavily etc.
Notice here the difference between Adjective and Adverb. Both add meanings but to different things. Learn more...
Conjunction is used to join or combine two clauses or sentences. (Clause is not complete sentence. It has a subject and predicate) (Predicate contains the verb and its complement) (Complement is used to complete a grammatical construction)
He said that he was fine.
Please inform me when you reach Lahore.
Because, Where, who, what, if, whose, which etc are examples of conjunctions which are used in the centre of a sentence and in fact, to join two sentences. Learn more...
Interjection is used to express emotions or feelings (Joy, Sorrow, Wonder, Fear, Anger etc). It itself is not meaningful but after reading full sentence, we can easily understand for what it has been used. (Interjections are not specific to English only. Many are those which are same in other languages also)
Exclamation mark is used with interjection and after this mark, the word is written with Capital letter
Hurrah! I got first position in Science Subjects.
Alas! Our father passed away last night.
Ah, Aha, Yahoo, Wow etc are examples of interjections. Learn more...

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